Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

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Although we take it for granted, sanitation is a physical measure that has probably done more to increase human life span than any kind of drug or surgery
— Deepak Chopra

By 2030, the goal is to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all and access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations. It is to improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally. By 2030, the objective is to substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors, to ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and to implement integrated water resources management at all levels. This goal also includes expanding international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes but also supporting and strengthening the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management. By 2020, the goal is to protect and restore water-related ecosystems.

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Targets

  • By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
  • By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
  • By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
  • By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
  • By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
  • By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
  • By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
  • Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
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